Blasphemy laws are a violation of the right to freedom of speech and expression, and are used around the world as a means of harassing, victimising, and discriminating against religion and belief minorities, and therefore impede the right to freedom of religion or belief.
Blasphemy and blasphemous libel remain criminal offenses in Scotland and Northern Ireland.
In Northern Ireland, they are a common law offence and are underpinned in legislation by four different Acts, which also used to apply in England and Wales but were repealed in 2008. We are actively campaigning to see these offences abolished. In 2019 we succeeded in getting Sinn Fein, the Social Democratic and Labour Party, the Alliance Party, the Green Party, and the People Before Profit Alliance to commit to repeal, with the UUP still developing policy on the matter, and only the DUP opposed.
In Scotland, our sister charity Humanist Society Scotland is running an active campaign to see the blasphemy laws repealed there. In 2018, they succeeded in getting the SNP to adopt party policy supporting repealing the laws and in 2020, the Scottish Government announced it will abolish the common law offence of blasphemy in Scotland as part of a new bill to modernise hate crime law.
The UN Special Rapporteur on Freedom of Religion and Belief, Ahmed Shaheed, has recommended the repeal of blasphemy laws globally, because maintaining such laws is a violation of human rights and legitimises the violent persecution of religious minorities and the non-religious in totalitarian regimes. In 13 such regimes, blasphemy or apostasy is punishable by death and in a further 47 a person can be imprisoned. The 13 countries which maintain the death penalty for blasphemy or apostasy are Afghanistan, Brunei, Iran, Malaysia, Maldives, Mauritania, Nigeria, Pakistan, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, United Arab Emirates, and Yemen. Therefore, even if a law has not recently been used to prosecute an individual, its maintenance on statute books has negative consequences for human rights around the world.
In recognition of the harm that blasphemy laws cause around the world, the UK Government repealed these laws in England and Wales in 2008, and in 2015 Humanists International founded the End Blasphemy Laws campaign, of which we are an active member. Since then, the campaign has succeeded in persuading Denmark, Norway, Iceland, Republic of Ireland, Malta, France, New Zealand, Canada, and Greece to all repeal their blasphemy laws, with Spain committing to doing the same.
Blasphemy or blasphemous libel in Northern Ireland is a criminal offence under the common law of Ireland, and is also underpinned in legislation by the Criminal Libel Act 1819, the Libel Act 1843, the Newspaper Libel and Registration Act 1881, and the Law of Libel Amendment Act 1888, which remain in force today. These would need to be amended to omit references to ‘blasphemy’ to remove these crimes from the statue books.
What we are doing
In 2019, we launched a campaign to repeal Northern Ireland’s blasphemy laws, encouraging members to contact their Members of the Legislative Assembly asking them to support the campaign. Almost 1,000 emails were sent. As a result, Sinn Fein, the Social Democratic and Labour Party, the Alliance Party, the Green Party, and the People Before Profit Alliance to commit to repeal, with the UUP still developing policy on the matter, and only the DUP opposed.
If you are a resident of Northern Ireland, please write to your MLA and ask them to support repeal of the blasphemy laws.
You can support Humanists UK by becoming a member. That helps in itself, and you can help even more by supporting our campaigns in the ways suggested above. But campaigns also cost money – quite a lot of money – and we also need financial support. You can make a donation to Humanists UK.